Фразовые глаголы с примерами, часть 1

Ache for – очень хотеть что-нибудь или кого-нибудь
My girlfriend’s been away for a fortnight – I am ACHING FOR her.

Act up – вести себя плохо или странно
My computer is ACTING UP, I think I might have a virus.

Answer back – отвечать в грубой форме
Her mother was shocked when she started ANSWERING her BACK and refusing to help.

Ask after – справляться о чьем-либо здоровье, узнавать как дела
Jenny rang and ASKED AFTER you, so I told her you were fine.

Ask in – приглашать домой
Jon’s at the door. “ASK him IN”

Ask out – приглашать на свидание
He wanted to ASK her OUT but was too shy.

Back off – отступать
The police told the protesters to BACK OFF.

Back up – сделать копию данных на компьютере
You should always BACK UP important files and documents so that you won’t lose all your work.

Back up – поддерживать
My husband always BACKS me UP.

Be away – быть где-либо, в отпуске.
She’s AWAY on business for three weeks.

Be down – быть в депрессии
He’s been DOWN since his girlfriend left him.

Be fed up – быть сытым по горло
I’m FED UP of his complaints.

Be in – быть дома или на работе
They ARE never IN, I always get their answerphone.

Be off – испортиться (о еде)
This yoghurt must BE OFF; it smells foul.

Be off – уходить, уезжать
I’m off home, it’s 5 o’clock.

Be on – быть включенным (о механических аппаратах)
The computer IS ON.

Be out – отсутствовать
She is OUT on a visit for the day.

Be up – проснуться
She’s not UP yet.

Beat up – атаковать, нападать
The mugger BEAT him UP and stole his wallet.

Bend over – наклониться
I BENT OVER to do my shoes up.

Bitch up – испортить, провалить что-либо
I BITCHED UP the interview.

Blow away – убить
He grabbed a gun and BLEW the police officer AWAY.

Blow away - впечатлить
His first novel BLEW me AWAY

Book in – сделать предварительную бронь
I’ll BOOK us IN at the Hilton.

Boss around – командовать

Break up – заканчивать отношения
Yesterday we decided to BREAK UP.

Break up – разбиваться на части
The plate BROKE UP when he dropped it on the floor.

Call after – называть кого-либо в чью-либо честь
She was CALLED Rose AFTER her grandmother.

Call back – перезванивать
I must CALL her BACK when we get to the office.

Call on – навещать, заходить в гости
As we were in the area, we CALLED ON my sister-in-law.

Care for – нравиться
I don’t CARE FOR fizzy drinks; I prefer water.

Carry on – продолжать
CARRY ON with you work until the teacher arrives.

Check in – проходить регистрацию в отеле или в аэропорту
They CHECKED IN at the Ritz yesterday.

Check out – рассчитываться при выписке из отеля
She CHECKED OUT and took a cab to the airport.

Check out – умирать
She CHECKED OUT last week; the funeral’s tomorrow.

Chill out – расслабляться, отдыхать
I’m staying at home and CHILLING OUT this evening.

Come across – случайно наткнуться, найти
I CAME ACROSS my old school reports when I was clearing out my desk.

Come across – согласиться на сексуальные отношения
I was surprised when she CAME ACROSS on the first night.

Come along – составить компанию
May I COME ALONG on your trip tomorrow?

Cool down – остывать, успокаиваться
It took me ages to COOL DOWN after the argument.

Cry out – кричать от боли
He CRIED OUT when he dropped the box on his toes.

Die for – хотеть чего-то очень сильно
I’m DYING FOR the weekend – this week has been so hard.

Dine out – ужинать вне дома
We DINED OUT because we didn’t want to cook.

Dive in – приступать к еде, начинать кушать
Dinner’s on the table, so DIVE IN.

Double up – складываться пополам
He DOUBLED UP in pain after being hit in his stomach.

Dress up – наряжаться
It’s an informal party so there’s no need to DRESS UP.

Drop in – неожиданно прийти в гости, без договоренности
I was in the area so I DROPPED IN at the office to see her.

Eat in – кушать дома
We didn’t feel like going to a restaurant so we ATE IN.

End up – сделать что-то незапланированное
We couldn’t get tickets to the Egypt so we ENDED UP going to Turkey instead.

Fall down – упасть на землю
I slipped on the ice and FELL DOWN.

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