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Топик Астана рассказывает о столице Республики Казахстан. Город был основан в 1830 году как казачий форпост Российской Империи и назывался тогда Акмола. В 1862 году станица Акмола получила статус города, где проводились торговые ярмарки для купцов из Казахстана, России, Центральной Азии, Индии и других стран. В марте 1917 года в Акмолинской области была установлена Советская власть. В 1961 году Акмолинск был переименован в Целиноград и стал центром Целинного края. В 1992 году город вернул свое имя Акмола, с октября 1997 года стал новой столицей Республики Казахстан и в 1998 году был назван Астаной. В настоящее время это современный развивающийся город, политический, финансовый, экономический, научно и социально-культурный центр государства.

Astana (the former Akmola) was founded in 1830 as a fortification of Russian Empire. In 1862 stanitsa Ak-mola got the status of a town. In the course of time Akmola became the centre of trade fairs where merchants from all over Kazakhstan, Russia, Central Asia, India and other countries gathered to sell cattle and agricultural products. For a long time Akmola was an outpost of Russian Empire seeking the way to develop trade and its political influence upon Central Asia in XVIII-XIX centuries. With the growth of anti – tsarist and revolutionary public mood, the Akmloa prison became overcrowded with those who wanted freedom. In March 1917 the Soviet Power was established in Akmola.

Many changes have taken place since then. Akmola played an important role in supplying the Soviet Army with raw materials and products during the Second World War. In 1961 Akmola was renamed into Tselinograd and became the centre of Tselinny Krai. In 1992 the city got its name Akmola again and since October 1997 Akmola has become a new capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Later on it got its present name Astana. Astana is a modern growing city, a political, financial, economic, scientific and socio-cultural centre of the state. There are a lot of magnificent beautiful buildings, higher educational establishments, colleges and secondary schools, hotels, banks and other commercial structures in Astana, the new capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. There are many places of interest in Astana: the Central Square, the Republic Avenue, the Palace of Youth and the Bridge across the Ishim River, the Regional Museum of Fine Arts and others. From everywhere you can see Baiterek, the symbol of prosperity and happiness.

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